Hydroponic gardening is simply defined as cultivating plants in a nutrient solution essential for plants without the use of soil. When plants are grown in soil, the roots wield much of their energy on looking for nutrients in the soil. Resulting to underdeveloped plant growth and plant roots become prolific. In hydroponic gardening plants don’t have to look for the vital nutrients for their survival. Instead, plants are directly supplied with the much needed food and water making the root systems smaller and growth of plants are profuse.
Almost anything from vegetables to flowers can be easily cultivated with hydroponic gardening. Lettuce, cucumbers, tomatoes, beans, spinach, and broccoli are common hydroponic produce. All types of flowers as well as an array of house plants and herbs can also be cultivated hydroponically.
Benefits of Hydroponic Gardening
Hydroponic gardening is a simple, effective and clean technique for cultivating plants. There are numerous advantages of this type of gardening over soil grown plants. One is you don’t need soil to grow plants. Water is permanent in the system and can be recycled thus lowering the water cost. It get rids of vexing pests, such as insects and weeds, and it adjusts well to indoor setting.
The ability to control the aspects that typically affect a plant’s growth such as temperature, light, humidity, nutrients and pH level is also one of the the main advantages of this type of gardening. Hydroponic gardening has less maintenance than of the soil gardening. There’s no necessity to weed and worry on soil-borne pests and diseases. It generates steady and abundant yields.
Is Hydroponic Gardening Complicated?
Hydroponic gardening can be complicated but it should not be. It can be as unbelievably simple as cultivating a plant in a small water container or nursery pot. You can use any kind of growing mediums such as sand, gravel, wood fiber, perlite, vermiculite, coco peat, rock wool and expanded clay. You can opt for no automation, no electricity or grow lights.
You can also opt to go high tech which will be restricted only by your budget and imagination. Garden management can be controlled automatically if you desire to. But most hobby oriented hydroponic systems are anywhere in between the two ideas. The typical hydroponic system usually consists of the following major parts: a reservoir for the water and nutrient solution, a growing tray for the plants, a submersible pump to provide water to the plants, an air pump, a timer and air stone to aerate the nutrient solution. Light also plays a vital role (either artificial or natural) as plants use it for photosynthesis for optimal plant growth.